New Materials Science and Engineering, Nanotechnology
Materials Science and Engineering is to be the groundwork for technological age and platform for future progress.
Materials Science and Engineering
[MIT]: The field of Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) researches all classes of materials (metals, ceramics, electronic materials, and biomaterials) from a unified viewpoint and with an emphasis on the connections between the underlying structure and the processing, properties, and performance of the material.
MSE grew out of the disciplines of metallurgy and ceramics and now includes polymers, semiconductors, magnetic materials, photonic materials, and biological materials. A materials scientist studies how materials react in different conditions (such as temperature and pressure) and understands that all materials can be approached from a common set of principles. Architects, civil engineers, toy companies, NASA, bio-medical research companies, and the data storage industry are all recent users of technologies that developed from research in MSE.
Most fields in science and engineering are concerned in some way with materials, but only the field of materials science and engineering focuses directly on them.
[PennState]: Materials science and engineering is a discipline that enables the creation and application of materials in society.
Over the past thirty years, designed and created materials have transformed everyday living, the world's workplace, and the global economy. Nearly everything we use is made of a material that has been modified or designed by a materials engineer to perform better than it would without a little help from humans. Materials scientists and engineers develop new materials and ways to use them. They are interested in the interrelationships between a material's structure and properties.
Materials make up the things we use, and materials engineers study, design, and make materials. Materials engineers modify and design materials to perform better than they otherwise would. They develop new materials and create uses for them that benefit humans. Materials engineers are involved in the entire life cycle of materials from the raw materials production, to materials synthesis and processing, component design and development, manufacturing, use, and reclamation and recycling.