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Cloud Computing in 2020 and Beyond

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(Salem, Massachusetts - ROC (Taiwan) Student Association of MIT)

 

 

- Deploying Cloud Computing with Edge Computing

Cloud computing is naturally combined with mobile devices to enable the active functionalities. Mobile cloud computing is a combination of mobile computing and cloud computing. Mobile cloud computing is the most influential section of cloud computing and it's expected to expand the mobile ecosystem. Mobile devices evolved from voice calls enabled devices to smart devices which enabled the user to access services at anytime from anywhere. The main aim of mobile cloud computing is to provide rich mobile applications with rich user experience of mobile devices. 

The main benefit of edge computing is the ability to move workloads from devices into the cloud, where resources are less expensive and it is easier to benefit from economies of scale. At the same time, it is possible to optimize latency and reliability and achieve significant savings in network communication resources by locating certain application components at the edge, close to the devices. To efficiently meet application and service needs for low latency, reliability and isolation, edge clouds are typically located at the boundary between access networks or on-premises for local deployments.

 

- Edge Computing Moves to Center Stage

Cloud computing is the on-demand availability of computer system resources, especially data storage (cloud storage) and computing power, without direct active management by the user. The term is generally used to describe data centers available to many users over the Internet. Large clouds, predominant today, often have functions distributed over multiple locations from central servers. If the connection to the user is relatively close, it may be designated an edge server. 

With the huge interest in digitalization across all industry verticals - 5G is a key technology. Edge computing or Mobile Edge Computing, is a crucial part of the 5G platform and provides a first-mover advantage for communication service providers in grabbing new business opportunities. By 2023, 5G will make up around one-fifth of all mobile data traffic, where 25% of the use-cases will depend on edge computing capabilities.

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(Photo: Princeton University, Office of Communications)


- The Key Trends Shaping the Future of Cloud Computing Solutions 

Cloud computing is quickly becoming the standard way for technology companies to access IT infrastructure, software and hardware resources. The technology enables companies to be able to use applications and other resources managed by third party companies that are stored in high-end server computers and networks. Almost everything in the digital world is connected to the cloud in some way or another - unless it’s specifically kept in local storage for security reasons. 

Take a look at seven key trends that look to shape the future of cloud computing solutions. These could have a profound effect - not only on organizations’ computer systems and websites but also on running their whole operation.

 

  • Increased storage capacity: One of the major aspects of the future of cloud computing is the need for increased storage capacity — and how providers will offer this capacity to businesses and private users. This is due to the fact that many businesses are choosing the cloud as their only IT solution, meaning all of their data is stored on the cloud. 
  • Impact on SEO (search engine optimization): Given the importance of SEO to virtually every business with a website, this trend can only grow in 2020 and beyond. Cloud web hosting offers numerous advantages. One of the most crucial elements of modern SEO is page loading speed. There are many things that webmasters can do to improve loading speed, but ultimately it comes down to your web hosting. Websites need powerful hosting services, and this is something that cloud solutions providers will increasingly need to offer.
  • The Internet of Everything (IoE): Functionally, IoE is the idea that almost all electronic devices and services will have access to the Internet and will use it to learn and improve. Cloud computing will have a major role to play in the development of IoE, as it relies enormously on machine-to-machine communication. IoE devices will inevitably use cloud solutions in order to be able to communicate data and processes.
  • Increased security: Cybersecurity is becoming a crucial part of all forms of Internet use. At this point, there is still some level of confusion over the responsibilities for both the provider of the cloud services and the end-user, as to who deals with security issues. From the provider’s perspective, it will be important to continue to clarify which areas of cybersecurity they are responsible for and which areas must be managed by the user. Indeed, it will be up to providers of solutions to offer the strongest possible cybersecurity measures in order to keep clients as safe as possible. This includes not only preventative measures but also proactive threat detection.
  • The rise of serverless technology: There are many advantages to using cloud technology such as the spinning of extra resources and the flexible pay-for-use consumption model. However, it is still true that provisioning servers is highly time-consuming. Serverless technology looks set to go from a relatively specialist and niche option to something that is mainstream. Naturally, the onus is on serverless providers to ensure they stay relevant, but the adoption of these technologies is undoubtedly accelerating.
  • Microservices: There has been a shift in cloud architecture. While in the past, we have seen closed applications with only human user interfaces, but now we are seeing the growth of more open services. Additionally, this has opened the door for application programming interfaces (APIs) of other software applications to interact with your applications – they can then make use of combined capabilities for whole new solutions. The use of APIs and microservices-based architecture have undoubtedly inspired innovation. And the advantages of using cloud-based APIs have changed how core applications are designed and built in the first place. 
  • Hybrid or multi-cloud strategies: As a growing number of organizations adopting multi-cloud and hybrid strategies, these become increasingly mainstream. By 2021, 98% of companies plan to use multiple hybrid clouds - this shows that if your current strategies utilize a single cloud solution, it may be time to look into alternative options. As services become increasingly specialized, with differing requires to get the most out of specific applications or functions, businesses will require multi-cloud solutions in order to run efficiently and effectively.

 

 

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