Personal tools
You are here: Home Research Trends & Opportunities New Media and New Digital Economy Data Science and Analytics Pattern Recognition, Training Data and AI

Pattern Recognition, Training Data and AI

Cornell University_060120A
[Cornell University]


- Data Science, Big Data, and AI

Data science is the process of extracting raw and unstructured data and transforming it into structured and filtered data by combining scientific methods and mathematical formulas. It uses a variety of tools and techniques to discover business insights and turn them into actionable solutions. Data scientists, engineers, and executives perform steps such as data mining, data cleaning, data aggregation, data manipulation, and data analysis.

Experts define data science as the interdisciplinary field of using scientific methods, processes, algorithms and systems to extract data. At the same time, they define artificial intelligence as the theory and development of computer systems capable of performing tasks that would normally require human intelligence. 

AI is a subset of data science and is often considered a representation of the human brain. It uses intelligence and intelligent systems to provide business process automation, efficiency and productivity. Here are some real-life AI applications: chatbot, voice assistance, Automatic recommendation, language translation, Image Identification.

Using data science and AI in companies can help them achieve incredible goals. It can also trigger automation and efficiencies in processes that require more labor and hours. Therefore, many industries have merged data science and artificial intelligence.

Big data is definitely here to stay, and AI will be in high demand for the foreseeable future. Data and AI are merging into a synergistic relationship, and AI is useless without data, and data cannot be mastered without AI. By combining these two disciplines, we can begin to see and predict future trends in business, technology, commerce, entertainment, and everything in between.


- Training and Machine Learning

Machine learning models rely on data. Even the best-performing algorithm becomes useless without a foundation of high-quality training data. In fact, powerful machine learning models can be crippled if trained on insufficient, inaccurate, or irrelevant data at an early stage. When it comes to training data for machine learning, a long-held premise remains painfully true: garbage in, garbage out. 

Therefore, in machine learning, no element is more important than high-quality training data. Training data refers to the initial data used to develop a machine learning model, from which the model creates and refines its rules. The quality of this data has a profound impact on the subsequent development of the model, setting a strong precedent for all future applications using the same training data. 

If training data is an important aspect of any machine learning model, how do you ensure that your algorithms ingest high-quality datasets? For many project teams, the work involved in acquiring, labeling, and preparing training data is daunting. Sometimes, they make compromises on the amount or quality of the training data—a choice that can lead to major problems later.


- Data Labeling for Machine Learning

The quality of a ML project comes down to how you handle three important factors: data collection, data preprocessing and data labeling.

Labeling is an integral stage of data preprocessing in supervised learning. Historical data with predefined target attributes (values) is used for this style of model training. Algorithms can only find target attributes if humans have mapped them. 

Labelers must be very attentive, as every mistake or inaccuracy can negatively impact the quality of the dataset and the overall performance of the predictive model.

How to get a high-quality labeled dataset without white hair? The main challenges are deciding who will be responsible for marking, how much time is estimated to be required, and what tools are better to use.


San Francisco_CA_032721A
[San Francisco, CA - Civil Engineering Discoveries]

- The Fusion of AI and Big Data

Artificial intelligence and big data can achieve more together. First, feed the data into the AI ​​engine to make the AI ​​smarter. Next, less human intervention is required for the AI ​​to function properly. In the end, the less AI requires humans to function, the closer society is to realizing the full potential of this ongoing AI/big data loop. 

This evolution will require the participation of humans trained in data analysis and programming of AI algorithms. The ultimate goals of AI are as follows: Reasoning, Automatic Learning and Scheduling, Machine Learning, Natural Language Processing, Computer Vision, robot technology, General Intelligence. For these AI fields to mature, their AI algorithms need a lot of data. For example, natural language processing would not be possible without millions of samples of human speech, recorded and broken down into formats that AI engines can more easily process. 

Big data will continue to grow as AI becomes a more viable option for automating more tasks - and AI will become a larger field as more data becomes available for learning and analysis.


- AI and Pattern Recognition

A pattern is a vaguely defined entity that can be given a name, such as fingerprint images, handwritten text, human faces, speech signals, DNA sequences. Pattern recognition involves finding similarities or patterns between smaller problems that can help us solve more complex problems.

The most notable difference between AI and Pattern Recognition is that AI focuses on the reasoning part, while Pattern Recognition focuses on observations made from any data. Artificial intelligence mainly emphasizes the modeling of human knowledge and reasoning, and then it can adapt these models to observations, whereas pattern recognition does not directly imitate knowledge and reasoning, but processes observations as they are given, and then observations must be generalized and compared with combined with existing knowledge.

The term AI is used when machines imitate human cognitive functions associated with other human minds, such as learning and problem solving. Pattern recognition is a subfield of artificial intelligence and thus focuses on identifying patterns and patterns in data.



[More to come ...]




Document Actions