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Cloud Services and Infrastructures

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- Cloud Computing Infrastructure

Cloud computing infrastructure is a collection of hardware and software elements required to implement cloud computing. It includes computing power, networking and storage, and the interface for users to access their virtualized resources. Virtual resources mirror physical infrastructure, including components such as servers, network switches, memory, and storage clusters. 

Cloud infrastructure provides the same functionality as physical infrastructure, but can provide additional benefits such as lower cost of ownership, greater flexibility and scalability. 

Cloud computing infrastructure can be used for private cloud, public cloud and hybrid cloud systems. Cloud infrastructure components can also be rented from cloud providers through Cloud Infrastructure as a Service (Iaas). Cloud infrastructure systems allow integration of hardware and software and can provide a single management platform for multiple clouds.


- Cloud Application Designs

More specifically, a cloud application is software that runs its processing logic and data storage between two different systems (client and server). Some processing occurs on the end user's local hardware, such as a desktop or mobile device, and some processing occurs on a remote server. In general, one of the benefits of cloud applications is that most data storage exists on remote servers. 

In fact, some cloud applications can even be built to take up almost no storage space on the local device. Users interact with cloud applications through web browsers or application programming interfaces (APIs). These are the basic principles of cloud applications, but what exactly is handled between the client and server, and how it changes the user experience, comes in a few different forms.

  • Software as a Service (SaaS)
  • Platform as a Service (PaaS)
  • Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)


- Software as a Service (SaaS)

Software as a Service (SaaS) is a popular form of cloud computing that provides users with web applications and all their underlying IT infrastructure and platforms. It can be an ideal solution for businesses or individuals: 

  • Don't want to take on the responsibility of maintaining infrastructure, platforms, and software.
  • Face challenges that require minimal customization to solve.
  • Support software subscription model.

SaaS reduces users' upfront costs by eliminating the need to permanently purchase software or invest in powerful local IT infrastructure, although users should invest in fast network hardware because service performance depends on Internet connection speed. 

Examples of SaaS include consumer-facing services such as Google Docs and Microsoft Office 365, as well as enterprise services that provide human resources software, content management systems, customer relationship management tools, and some integrated development environments (IDEs).



- Platform as a Service (PaaS)

Platform as a Service (PaaS) provides you with a platform on which you can develop, run, and manage your own applications without having to build and maintain the infrastructure or environment that they need to run. This is because PaaS provides hardware and application software platforms to users from external service providers. This means you control the actual applications and data on the platform, making PaaS an ideal solution for developers and programmers. For example, a developer might use PaaS as a foundation to create a new application that integrates with an existing Oracle database your company already uses.


- Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)

Infrastructure as a service (IaaS) is when a provider manages your infrastructure—the actual servers, networking, virtualization, and storage—for you, either through a public or private cloud. You access the infrastructure through an API or dashboard, and the infrastructure is leased. You manage things like operating systems, applications, and middleware, while providers like AWS or Microsoft Azure provide the hardware, networking, hard drives, storage, and servers—they take care of outages, repairs, and hardware issues.


- Cloud Computing in Healthcare Industry

Many industries have adopted cloud computing in recent years, and healthcare is no exception. The healthcare industry is increasingly turning to the cloud to store and manage data and deliver applications and services. There are many reasons for this shift, but chief among them is that cloud-based solutions can offer greater flexibility and scalability than on-premises solutions. 

Additionally, the cloud can help improve patient care by providing physicians with better access to data and analytics. Finally, by moving to the cloud, healthcare organizations can save on hardware and IT costs. With so many advantages, cloud computing is playing an increasingly important role in the healthcare industry.


- Cloud Computing in Modern Manufacturing

Cloud computing provides services that enhance manufacturing operations by using computing power, processing big data and making decisions based on its insights. Therefore, cloud computing is an indispensable resource for modern manufacturing. The role of cloud computing in manufacturing is growing exponentially, from capturing environmental data from machines to supply chain management through IoT applications and other advanced technologies.

Despite some challenges in cloud adoption, manufacturing companies are opting for cloud-based solutions over on-premises solutions in modern manufacturing. As manufacturing companies face more challenges in local data management, lack of visibility into the supply chain and other critical areas such as infrastructure costs, etc. Therefore, many manufacturers wisely apply cloud computing to their smart factory setups to overcome these challenges. With cloud computing, the manufacturing industry is moving towards a comprehensive digital transformation.



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