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Advanced Software Engineering and Web Technology

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Advanced Software Engineering: Expanding the Frontiers of Software Technology



- The Web and The Internet

The Internet is arguably the most important technological revolution in human history. However, some important challenges remain, and much remains to be done to ensure that everyone everywhere has fair and equal access to life-changing digital connections. 

To say that our relationship with the web has fundamentally changed over the past 10 years would be an understatement. Beams of light through fiber-optic glass, and high-frequency wireless signals going in and out of our phones, make it possible to download just about anything, almost anywhere in the developing world, at near-instantaneous speeds. Children grow up meeting many of their relatives primarily through glowing tablets. 

New trends always come and go: that's the nature of the internet! Internet users are expected to exceed 5 billion by 2020, while social media users have crossed the 4 billion mark. Nearly 60% of the world's population is already online, and recent trends suggest that by mid-2020, more than half of the world's population will be using social media. It is becoming increasingly important to develop new ways of acquiring information, knowledge, and ideas. 

Keeping a close eye on these trends allows us to deliver our expert services that have delivered real results for some of the world's largest brands. The following trends have begun to emerge and will undoubtedly continue to evolve to change the future of Internet technology.


- A Decentralised Web

Decentralized network, also known as Web 3.0, is the vision of the next generation of Internet, it is a peer-to-peer network built around blockchain technology, users own their own data, data is portable, and computing and storage resources are distributed by internal The end-user-provided network, applications run natively on end-user devices and platforms are decentralized and autonomous. Today, powerful new technologies are converging, bringing us into the new technological paradigm of the Internet. These include the rapid development of blockchain — and other decentralized technologies such as IPFS -- the rise of advanced analytics and dataization and the Internet of Things. 

Today, we are moving towards a decentralized web (Web 3.0). The concept exists to take power away from big corporations and give it back to users. We've seen a few steps taken to get users back in power. Data will be easily shared and revoked between users, with interoperability. 

The main purpose of the Web 3.0 movement is not to expand the capabilities of the Internet. Instead, Web 3.0 focuses on refactoring the way the Internet is accessed and interacted. Leveraging the technology that drives the blockchain revolution, Web 3.0 aims to take ownership away from the companies that rule today's internet.


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- Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Cybersecurity

Artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning, neural networks, or any other fancy term emerging in the industry is defined as complex computer technology that is widely used to understand and improve business and customer experience. Artificial intelligence is developing on its own. The software the researchers created draws on concepts from Darwinian evolution, including "survival of the fittest," to build artificial intelligence programs that improve from generation to generation without human input. 

AI is already delivering expert solutions to businesses. The technology has been developed for web design and development, where artificial intelligence algorithms are able to build websites. Machine learning can go a step further, leveraging user analytics to predict user intent and create tailored experiences. Artificial intelligence offers a wide range of technological capabilities that can be applied across all industries, profoundly changing the world around us. Artificial intelligence has various applications in today's society. It has become crucial in this day and age as it can effectively solve complex problems in multiple industries such as healthcare, entertainment, finance, education, etc. 

AI will also be the future of cybersecurity as developers learn how to build AI that can help with everything from customer support to forecasting trends and image recognition. In fact, Statista predicts that between 2016 and 2025, businesses worldwide will spend nearly $2.5 billion on artificial intelligence to protect against cybersecurity threats. MIT has developed an artificial intelligence system that can detect 85 percent of attacks before they happen. AI may make cybersecurity cheaper and more efficient.


- Internet of Things (IoT)

The Internet of Things (IoT) technology is an umbrella term that refers to connected physical and digital components. IoT components can transmit data without the assistance of human mediators. Each IoT component has a Unique Identifier (UID) that makes it recognizable. There are currently five types of IoT applications: Consumer IoT, Commercial IoT, Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), and Infrastructure IoT. 

Future Internet is expected to be driven by the prevalence of IoT where it is envisioned that anything can be connected. There are expected to be 1.5 billion Internet of Things (IoT) devices in use by 2022, many of which will be used in enterprise or industrial settings. Eventually, these IoT devices help mankind experience the future of technological innovations aimed at simplifying human life in a number of creative ways. And while that creates lots of opportunities for businesses, it also creates some challenges related to connectivity. 

Together, both AI and IoT will allow for service-focused strategies: IoT will provide businesses with expert data for intelligent trade-offs, while AI will make use of intelligence to make the right choices. In the future, the Internet will become a network of devices centred in the automation and enhancement of both processes and infrastructures. IoT will allow for the Internet to become more than a simple network of computers.


- Motion User Interface

Motion user interface (Motion UI) was originally developed for mobile apps, however, the amazing customisation skills of this technology is allowing developers to add an extra touch of storytelling to projects. Websites of the future are expected to have things like: Animated or dynamic charts, Modular page scrolling, Background animations in slow motion, Transitions
Series animations, Progress CTA buttons. 

Motion UI helps web developers to create rapid prototypes of animated elements. These can be seamlessly integrated into websites to create transitions, CSS animations, and Sass mixins. Motion UI allows for a design that has: Personality, Animations, Motion modifiers, Responsiveness, Emotion.

Telling stories with animation and motion design can create exceptionally aesthetically-pleasing user experiences. More importantly though, they can create exceptionally functional user experiences. In the early days of web and app design, unique motion elements and interactivity fell into the bells and whistles category. As long as you knew the 90s-beloved <marquee> tag that sent hamsters dancing across your page, you were set. 

But today, motion interactivity plays a critical role in guiding how a user intuitively discovers and engages with brands or products. Eyes follow motion, so strategic implementation gives companies the ability to subtly direct users on a journey through narrative or personalized web and app experiences.


- Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR)

Immersive technologies (VR and AR) refer to technologies that attempt to simulate the physical world by means of a digital or analog world, thereby creating a sense of immersion. Virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) applications are currently bottlenecked by low bandwidth (4G LTE). With higher bandwidth (5G and beyond), VR and AR headsets can go completely wireless. 

The future of immersive technologies (AR and VR) depends on reliable mobile wireless 5G (and beyond) networks. These technologies require cheaper, wider, lower-latency networks to continue to evolve and gain widespread adoption because they require a lot of data processing. 

Virtual reality (VR) has an amazing ability to provide unique user experiences. The technology is transitioning from the gaming industry (like the Oculus Rift) to digital marketing. Companies like Google are already working on APIs that allow users to immerse themselves in virtual worlds. As the technology continues to evolve, the future of virtual reality is bright.


- Big Data

Everything around us is constantly generating big data. Every digital process and social media communication produces it. Systems, sensors and mobile devices transmit it. Big data can be structured, semi-structured or unstructured. IDC estimates that 90% of big data is unstructured data. Many tools designed to analyze big data can handle unstructured data. Unstructured data generally refers to information that does not exist in traditional row-column databases. It is the opposite of structured data - data stored in fields in a database. 

Big data is being obtained from multiple sources at an astonishing rate, volume and variety. To extract meaningful value from big data, you need the best processing power, analytics and skills. In most business use cases, any single source of data by itself is useless. The real value often comes from combining these streams of big data sources with each other and analyzing them to generate new insights. Organizations that can quickly extract insights from and leverage data gain an advantage. 

Analyzing large data sets, so-called big data, will be a key basis for competition, underpinning a new wave of productivity growth, innovation and consumer surplus. Leaders in every industry must grapple with the impact of big data, not just a handful of data-oriented managers. The ever-increasing amount and detail of information that businesses have access to, and the rise of multimedia, social media, and the Internet of Things will drive exponential growth in data for the foreseeable future. 

Cybersecurity concerns will remain an issue due to the sheer volume of data and connected devices, and businesses need to be prepared to address potential disruptions to connected systems. However, one thing is certain: IoT and Big Data will remain closely linked and will create new and exciting solutions and opportunities.



[More to come ...]



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