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The Internet of Things (IoT) Technology and Applications

The Future of IoT_071620A
[The Future of IoT -Datafloq]



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- The Internet of Things (IoT): A Key Enabler of Big Data

The Internet of Things (IoT) is an advanced technology that takes modern manufacturing units and industries to another level. It consists of sensors, automatic gateway connections, smart device accessibility, a one-stop dashboard and state-of-the-art services. Furthermore, when implemented within the industry, the technology even provides shareable reports with accurate details of industrial processes, helping to make correct and informed decisions. 

IoT is significantly helping to capture vast amounts of data from different kinds of assets and multiple sources. However, the vast amount of data from numerous IoT devices seems difficult to collect, process and analyze. But with the help of automated sensors and efficient processing, managers can make the data useful and convert it into a simplified format for further use. Therefore, we can say that IoT is redefining the way industries and businesses operate, adding momentum to the economy.

IoT is a key enabler of big data, which collects and optimizes various business and productivity related processes from IoT devices. This trend presents an opportunity to use big data for integrated marketing and quality control industry applications. In addition, it has spawned interdisciplinary research streams, such as cloud/fog/edge computing-assisted computing models for big data analytics. 


- The Internet of Things (IoT): the Next Big Thing in Technology

The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical “things”, devices, that contain embedded technology to communicate sensory data with the Internet. IoT devices interact with others over the Internet, all collecting and sharing data, and can be remotely monitored and controlled. By 2025, it is estimated that there will be more than to 21 billion IoT devices worldwide. 

Thanks to the arrival of super-cheap computer chips and the ubiquity of wireless networks, it's possible to turn anything, from something as small as a pill to something as big as an aeroplane, into a part of the IoT. Connecting up all these different objects and adding sensors to them adds a level of digital intelligence to devices that would be otherwise dumb, enabling them to communicate real-time data without involving a human being. The IoT is making the fabric of the world around us more smarter and more responsive, merging the digital and physical universes. 

The future of IoT has the potential to be limitless. Advances to the industrial Internet will be accelerated through increased network agility, integrated artificial intelligence (AI) and the capacity to deploy, automate, orchestrate and secure diverse use cases at hyperscale. The potential is not just in enabling billions of devices simultaneously but leveraging the huge volumes of actionable data which can automate diverse business processes. As networks and IoT platforms evolve to overcome these challenges, through increased capacity and AI, service providers will edge furthermore into IT and web scale markets –- opening entire new streams of revenue.


- Unraveling The Web of IoT

The IoT integrates the interconnectedness of human culture - our 'things' -- with the interconnectedness of our digital information system -- 'the Internet.' That's the IoT,"  

Cellular networks connect your iPhone to Google Maps, Instagram, and Email; they carry your voice through the air. Now, we’re also seeing the value of connecting with the physical objects around us: the streetlights, parking meters, and hospitals that occupy our everyday urban lives, or the myriad industrial applications like manufacturing and agriculture that connectivity can enhance. It seems that the future has finally arrived - and What you may not know is how that same cellular technology behind your smartphone is empowering the next wave of innovation in the dawning “Internet of Things” (IoT). 

The flood of new IoT devices and applications coming onto the market are made possible by the latest advances in connectivity. Unlicensed short-range technologies like ZigBee and long-range technologies like LoRa have allowed anyone with an idea to create IoT apps for mass market deployments. But licensed technologies like narrowband IoT (NB-IoT), LTE for Machine Type Communications (LTE-M) and Enhanced Coverage GSM (EC-GSM) are also gaining traction with operators offering IoT services through their existing cellular networks. 

The Internet of Things (IoT) - the vast electronic web of connected devices which rapidly collects, aggregates and processes information across superfast networks. The transformative potential of IoT technology is no secret. It represents a fundamental shift in the very nature of the smart “things” we depend on for many aspects in our lives. These tens of billions of “smart” collection devices range from light bulbs, to door locks, to power meters and beyond. 

Future Internet is expected to be driven by the prevalence of IoT where it is envisioned that anything can be connected. There are expected to be 1.5 billion Internet of Things (IoT) devices in use by 2022, many of which will be used in enterprise or industrial settings. Eventually, these IoT devices help mankind experience the future of technological innovations aimed at simplifying human life in a number of creative ways. And while that creates lots of opportunities for businesses, it also creates some challenges related to connectivity.


(Stanford University - Jaclyn Chen)

- 5G is the Foundation for Realizing the Full Potential of IoT

In a world of uncertainties, technology is the one constant that continues to move us forward. Nowhere is this more evident than with the emergence of the Internet of Things (IoT), the system of uniquely identified interconnected devices that are enabled to transmit and share data over wireless networks. Bridging the gap between the physical and virtual worlds, the IoT is helping to create smart environments by linking these devices to everyday settings and tasks that help individuals, businesses and potentially whole societies, live in a smarter and more comfortable way - and it’s growing fast.

5G is important to IoT because of the need for a faster network with higher capacity that can serve connectivity needs. The 5G spectrum expands the frequencies on which digital cellular technologies will transfer data. This wider spectrum available for use increases the overall bandwidth of cellular networks, allowing for additional devices to connect. 

5G-enabled IoT is expected not only to enable technological growth; it is also projected to help support 22 million jobs around the world. This job growth is expected to come from the digitization of transportation, agriculture, manufacturing and other physical industries. Consider also construction sites, mines, oil derricks and freighter fleets: these industries would benefit greatly from ultra-fast data transmission to the time-sensitive nature of their output.

For example, 5G's unique combination of high-speed connectivity, very low latency, and ubiquitous coverage will support smart vehicles and transport infrastructure such as connected cars, trucks, and buses, where a split second delay could mean the difference between a smooth flow of traffic and a 4-way crash at an intersection. 5G will enable us to control more devices remotely in applications where real-time network performance is critical, such as remote control of heavy machinery in hazardous environments, thereby improving worker safety, and even remote surgery.

5G has the potential to drive advancements in smart machinery as well as smart manufacturing. Thinking even bigger, 5G could enable IoT to run virtually instantaneous traffic analyses, improve security and public safety and possibly enable remote surgery.


- Driving Global Adoption and Deployment of IPv6

The future of the Internet depends on the continued growth of a solid, healthy, and secured underlying global network infrastructure supporting the demand for the next generation of the Internet using IPv6 (Internet Protocol version 6) as its communication protocol. The future of the Internet is depending on the global successful adoption of IPv6. 

In the era of Internet of Things (IoT) and blockchain, it has become increasingly obvious that without the extensive global adoption and successful deployment of IPv6 as the primary version of the Internet Protocol (IP), if not the only version of IP completely replacing IPv4, not only the future deployment and growth of IoT and other technological innovations relying on the support of the Internet are impossible, but the future of the Internet itself is at stake. 

In order to support the rapid new development and the worldwide adoption of IoT as well as the continued growth of M2M technology and its large scale applications in the future, a global adoption and deployment of the Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) are required because all of the sensors and machine-readable identifiers needed to make the Internet of Things a reality will need an extremely large address space. 

Consequently, the future success of M2M, as an integral part of the IoT, will largely be determined by the successful global adoption of IPv6.


- Artificial Intelligence of Things (AIoT)

IoT is creating massive amounts of data. From health information to environmental conditions to warehouse and logistics data, IoT devices regularly generate far more data than anyone can process or utilize in a productive manner. Fortunately, there is a solution: AI in the form of big data. IoT requires AI. Over time, AI systems can learn the most important patterns and trends. It can identify when a specific event occurs that requires human intervention. It can sense security breaches and stop them before they become a crisis. In short, for IoT to reach its full potential, it needs artificial intelligence.

IoT allows devices to communicate with each other and act on those insights. These devices are only as good as the data they provide. To be useful for decision-making, data needs to be collected, stored, processed, and analyzed. This creates challenges for organizations. As IoT applications increase, businesses are struggling to efficiently process data and use it for real-world decision making and insights. 

This is due to two issues: cloud and data transfer. The cloud cannot scale to handle all the data from IoT devices, and transferring data from IoT devices to the cloud is limited by bandwidth. Regardless of the size and complexity of the communication network, the sheer volume of data collected by IoT devices can cause delays and congestion. 

Some IoT applications rely on fast, real-time decision-making, such as self-driving cars. To be effective and safe, self-driving cars need to process data and make instant decisions (just like humans do). They are not limited by latency, unreliable connections, and low bandwidth. 

Self-driving cars are far from the only IoT applications that rely on such quick decisions. Manufacturing already contains IoT devices, and delays or delays can affect processes or limit capacity in an emergency.

The convergence of AI and IoT can redefine how industries, commerce and economies work. AI-enabled IoT creates intelligent machines that can simulate intelligent behavior and support decision-making with little or no human intervention.



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